Sprains and strains are common. You might sprain or strain your ankle while participating in your favorite athletic activity, or while simply walking to work as you do every morning.
A sprain is the stretching or tearing of a ligament. A ligament is a fibrous band of connective tissue that joins the ends of two bones together. Ligaments stabilize and support the body's joints. Ankle sprains are common, and typically occur when the ankle rolls suddenly inward or outward.
Symptoms of an ankle sprain include pain, bruising, swelling, and inflammation. The individual often feels a tear or pop in the joint. In severe cases, this may make the joint non-functional.
In other cases, where the sprain partially tears the ligament, some swelling may occur. But be careful, partial tears can lead to complete tears if not treated early.
Chronic strains are the result of overuse of muscles and tendons, especially in the arch. Insufficient rest during training oftentimes lead to a strain; as do weak arches. Symptoms of a strain include pain, muscle spasm, muscle weakness, swelling, inflammation, and cramping.
Prevention and Treatment
There is no way to make yourself immune to sprains and strains, but proper stretching, appropriate footwear, and orthotics will help alleviate these potential problems. Treatment begins with RICE: Rest/Ice/Compression/Elevation. We can provide compression and a walking Boot as well as support with bracing/taping in the early stage. We also use Physical Therapy in the next stage to lead to full healing. Visit our Board Certified podiatrists as soon as possible to help prevent risk of complication or long term injury. If you’ve suffered a sprain or strain, contact our office today (732) 739-3230.